List of mentally ill monarchs
|This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedia's deletion policy.|
Please share your thoughts on the matter at this article's entry on the Articles for deletion page.
Feel free to edit the article, but the article must not be blanked, and this notice must not be removed, until the discussion is closed. For more information, particularly on merging or moving the article during the discussion, read the guide to deletion.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
This is a list of monarchs who have been described as mentally ill in some way by historians past or present.
In many cases, it is difficult to ascertain whether a given historical monarch did in fact possess a genuine mental illness of some sort, whether he or she was merely eccentric or suffering symptoms of a physical illness, or whether he or she was just disliked by chroniclers.
- Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon (now Babylon, Iraq) (reigned c. 605 BC-562 BC), allegedly became insane for a period of seven years.
- Tiberius, (42 BC–37 AD, ruled 14–37 AD), suffered from paraphilia. While Tiberius was in his later years in Capri, rumours abounded as to what exactly he was doing there. Historian Suetonius records the rumours of lurid tales of sexual perversity, including graphic depictions of child molestation, and cruelty, and most of all his paranoia. While heavily sensationalized, Suetonius' stories at least paint a picture of how Tiberius was perceived by the Roman senatorial class, and what his impact on the Principate was during his 23 years of rule.
- Caligula, (12–41 AD, ruled 37–41 AD) nephew of Tiberius, suffered from paranoia and narcissism, believing that he was a god and that the god of the sea was plotting against him. Was an alcoholic, made his horse a senator, ordered political prisoners decapitated over dinner, married his sister and ordered political assassinations. According to multiple classical sources, his mental health deteriorated suddenly after a severe fever that nearly killed him. This suggests that organic brain damage from high body temperature or encephalitis (possibly malarial) may have played a causative role instead of or alongside a preexisting mental illness.
- Nero, (37–68 AD, ruled 54–68 AD), nephew of Caligula, suffered from paranoia, narcissism and histrionic personality disorder. Ordered the deaths of his mother and step-brother, had Christians crucified and burned, declared himself a god, allegedly started the Fire of Rome and played the lyre during it.
- Commodus, (161–192 AD, ruled 180–192 AD) suffered from narcissistic and histrionic personality disorders, respectively, renamed Rome, the Empire, the Praetorian Guard and various streets after himself, believed himself to be the reincarnation of Hercules and had a servant burned to death for making his bath too cold.
- Justin II (520–578, ruled Eastern Rome 565–578). The temporary fits of insanity into which Justin fell warned him to name a colleague. According to John of Ephesus, as Justin II slipped into the unbridled madness of his final days, he was pulled through the palace on a wheeled throne, biting attendants as he passed. He reportedly ordered organ music to be played constantly throughout the palace in an attempt to soothe his frenzied mind.
- King Charles VI of France (1368–1422; ruled 1380–1422), known as Charles le Fou (Charles the Mad)
- King Henry VI of England (1421–1471; ruled 1422–1461 and 1470–1471)
- Queen Maria I of Portugal (1734–1816; ruled 1777–1816), known as Maria a Louca (Mary the Mad) 
- King George III of the United Kingdom (1738–1820; ruled 1760–1820), suffered from porphyria, which gave him explosive rage attacks, panic attacks, delusions and visual and auditory hallucinations.
- King Christian VII of Denmark (1749–1808; ruled 1767–1808)
- King Ludwig II of Bavaria (1845–1886; ruled 1864–1886), known as "Mad King Ludwig," suffered from schizotypal personality disorder and Pick's disease.
- King Otto of Bavaria (1848–1916; ruled 1886–1913) 
- Kaiser Wilhelm II, German Emperor (1859-1941, ruled 1888-1918), suffered from histrionic personality disorder.
Cite error: Invalid
parameter "group" is allowed only.
<references />, or
<references group="..." />
- Daniel 4.33
- Josephus, l.c. x. 10, § 6)[unreliable source?]
- Kendall K. Down, Daniel: Hostage in Babylon, p.30
- Akkerman, Abraham (2016). Phenomenology of the Winter-City: Myth in the Rise and Decline of Built Environments. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. p. 75. ISBN 978-3-319-26699-2.
- John of Ephesus, Ecclesiastical History, Part 3, Book 3
- Tuchman, Barbara (1978). A Distant Mirror. New York: Ballantine Books. pp. 514–516. ISBN 0-345-30145-5.
- Tuchman, Barbara (1978). A Distant Mirror. New York: Ballantine Books. p. 586. ISBN 0-345-30145-5.
- Roberts, Jenifer (2009). The Madness of Queen Maria. Templeton Press. ISBN 978-0-9545589-1-8.
- "King George III: Mad or misunderstood?". BBC News. July 13, 2004. Retrieved 2007-07-15.
- Hatton, R. M. (1957). "Scandinavia and the Baltic". In Lindsay, J. O. The New Cambridge Modern History. Volume 7, The Old Regime, 1713–1763 (Reprinted. ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 342. ISBN 978-0-521-04545-2.
- Prof. Hans Förstl, "Ludwig II. von Bayern – schizotype Persönlichkeit und frontotemporale Degeneration?", in: Deutsche Medizinische Wohcenschrift, Nr. 132/2007
- King, Greg (1996). The Mad King ( A Biography of Ludwig II of Bavaria ). London: Aurum Press. pp. 252–255. ISBN 978-1-55972-362-6.
- On the Kaiser's "histrionic personality disorder", see Frank B. Tipton (2003). A History of Modern Germany Since 1815. U of California Press. pp. 243–44.