Maratha period in Lahore

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Ragunathrao, the Maratha peshwa who conqured Lahore in 1758.
Following the Battle of Delhi, the Marathas entered Lahore in 1758 as part of their Northwest expansion campaign, whereby they engaged in multiple battles and conflicts with the Durrani Empire.

Capture of Lahore (1758)[edit]

In March 1758, about 50,000 soldiers of the Maratha Empire laid siege to Sirhind. At that time, the Afghan general Jahan Khan, along with Abdali's son Taimur Shah, had 25,000 troops with him. On 20 April, 1758, the Marathas entered Lahore.

From Lahore, Raghunathrao sent a letter to Nanasaheb Peshwa on 4 May 1758[1][2]:

Lahore, Multan, Kashmir and other subhas on this side of Attock are under our rule for the most part, and places which have not come under our rule we shall soon bring under us. Ahmad Shah Durrani's son Timur Shah Durrani and Jahan Khan have been pursued by our troops, and their troops completely looted. Both of them have now reached Peshawar with a few broken troops... So Ahmad Shah Durrani has returned to Kandahar with some 12-14 thousand broken troops. Thus all have risen against Ahmad who has lost control over the region... we have decided to extend our rule up to Kandahar.
— Raghunathrao on 4 May 1758

Battle of Lahore (1759)[edit]

The Battle of Lahore was fought between Durrani Empire and an alliance of Marathas and Sikhs in 1759.

Background[edit]

Ahmad Shah Durrani raided northwestern India (modern day Pakistan and Punjab, India) for the fifth time in 1759. The Afghans began to organize themselves for armed struggle against Marathas. The Afghans had no time to pass information to Kabul for help. Afghan General Jahan Khan advanced and captured maratha garrison at Peshawar. Then, the invaders overran Attock. Meanwhile, Sabaji Scindia (Shinde) reached the place with fresh troops and a large number of Sikh fighters.

Result[edit]

 In the fierce battle, the Afghans were defeated by the Maratha forces and its allies,[3][4] in which Jahan Khan lost his son and was himself also wounded.

Sikh uprising[edit]

The Maratha Empire had made large successes in North India and Punjab. It was this environment that led Ahmed Shah to invade India for helping the fellow Muslim population. As Marathas were defeated in Panipat and Ahmed Shah went back to Afghanistan a chaos resulted. Lack of local government and no head or ruler in the Punjab allowed bands of warring Sikhs to gain control in some areas. The Sikhs were gaining momentum at an enormous rate. In 1801, the twelve Sikh misls joined into one to form a new empire and sovereign Sikh state ruled by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1971-, Roy, Kaushik, (2011). War, Culture and Society in Early Modern South Asia, 1740-1849. Taylor & Francis. p. 103. {{ISBN|9781136790874}}. OCLC 773564553.
  2. ^ Roy, Kaushik. India's Historic Battles: From Alexander the Great to Kargil. Permanent Black, India. pp. 80–1. {{ISBN|978-81-7824-109-8}}.
  3. ^ Jacques, Tony. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges. Greenwood Press. p. 562. ISBN 978-0-313-33536-5.
  4. ^ "Marathas and the English Company 1707-1818 by Sanderson Beck". san.beck.org. Retrieved 2015-04-10.