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Pathasala (IAST:Pāṭhaśālā) (also written as Pathashala) refers to traditional Hindu school where children are taught in Sanskrit by Brahmins. In India, the term Pathasala has become synonym to the term Vidyalaya which refers to School. Before British rule, along with Gurukalas, Pathasalas served as primary educational institutions in India. Pathasalas were non-residential in nature, where as Gurukalas were residential.